Penguins are flightless birds, and there are about 17-20 different species alive today. Penguins have wings that have adapted over millions of years. Today, their wings are similar to flippers. Penguins can “fly” underwater, and their black and white feathers help camouflage them as they swim. The white feathers on their bellies help them blend in with sunlight so their prey can’t see them easily, and the penguins’ black feathers hide them from lurking predators from above.
There are tons of movies, books, documentaries, and websites dedicated to these cute creatures. Penguins are the main attraction at many zoos and aquariums. These adorable organisms are cool to learn about, but we often get some penguin facts wrong…
5 Penguin Facts
5. Most penguins live south of the equator, and no penguins live at the North Pole.
It’s true cutie pie. Your natural habitat is not the North Pole.
4. Penguins are carnivores. They eat sea organisms like fish, krill, and squid.
Penguins also do this.
3. Penguins will shed and regrow all of their feathers at once. This is often called a catastrophic molt and usually happens once a year.
2. Penguins are warm-blooded and can see color. These characteristics are not unique to penguins. All birds are warm-blooded and most see some colors of the light spectrum.
1. They might not have teeth, but penguins have pointy beaks that are perfect for jabbing their prey. They also have sharp, backward facing bristles on their tongues.
The creepy tongue of an Adélie Penguin!
Do you know any interesting facts about penguins? Share them in the comments below.